As an officer, you need to stay abreast of operational issues and situations in order to be knowledgeable and conversant with the variables that may affect company deployments and subsequent operations. The National Fire Fighter Near Miss Reporting System (FFNMRS) has a vast collection of resources that are a few keystrokes and links away.
One of the most useful tools in the FFNMRS Tool Box of resources is the Near-Miss Report of the Week (ROTW). The direct link to the page is here.
Take some time to look over the content and subject matter available to you in the form of the weekly publication. The information provides insights and examples of situational near miss events and close calls that provide the lessons learned so that, when confronted with similar precursors or subtle indications, you may be able to draw from the ROTW and the from the lessons and insights of other Near Miss Reports that may prevent a similar close-call/near miss event or from escalating into a more serious event.
Take the time to review the ROTW, sign up for the weekly email delivery and most importantly- read the reports and integrate them into your training, drills, discussions, tabletops, chalk board or podcast talks. Get the FFNMRS reports embedded into your psyche.
Here's what was sent out this week....
Multiple units responding to the same incident from different directions creates the potential for unscheduled arrivals at intersecting points. These points are most frequently intersections that are in one form or another controlled by devices ranging from stop signs to traffic lights. In this week's ROTW, report 11-179, reminds us that a green light does not necessarily guarantee the way is safe to proceed.
[ ] Brackets denote reviewer de-identification.
"A municipal ALS equipped engine and a third service county ALS ambulance were dispatched by the same dispatch, on the same radio channel, to a local park for a trauma patient. While enroute, and less than two miles from our station, we approached a heavy traffic intersection, which is blind to the south side. Upon approach, the [brand deleted] signal preemption system (which both the engine and ambulance are equipped with) was delayed in capturing the light. The driver of the engine began to reduce speed and decelerate toward the intersection. As we approached the intersection we captured the light with the signal preemption system, giving us a GREEN light, but for whatever reason, the driver of the engine made a complete stop at the intersection. Just then the ambulance blew through the intersection, not stopping for the RED light. To our surprise, we didn't hear or see this ambulance until they were in the intersection. Only because of the driver's situational awareness and intuition (gut feeling) did we come to a complete stop to avoid a collision."
Right of way rules, line of sight approaches, traffic light pre-emption devices and emergency response SOPs all support apparatus arriving at the scene of an emergency call. Despite all these efforts, human factor plays a role in the safe arrival of all units to their dispatched destination.
Once you have read the entire account of 11-179, and the related reports, consider the following with your colleagues.
- Many departments now have specific rules requiring units to stop at all red lights during emergency response. If your department has such rules in effect, are there any other recommendations for intersection travel to consider?
- The reporter states the driver's "situational awareness and intuition" contributed to collision avoidance. How large of a role do you believe the two factors played? How do you promote/teach the effect of the "gut feeling" in your driver training sessions?
- How often do you encounter intersection situations with crossing emergency vehicle traffic? Given your estimate, what is your assessment of the likelihood of a collision based on the frequency?
- If your agency uses traffic pre-emptive signaling, how often is the system calibrated/fault-checked to ensure accuracy?
- How many "blind side" intersections exist in your response area? What is the significance of knowing where they are?
Related Reports - Topical Relation: Driving: Intersections
Note: The questions posed by the reviewers are designed to generate discussion and thought in the name of promoting firefighter safety. They are not intended to pass judgment on the actions and performance of individuals in the reports.
To Sign up to receive the Near-Miss Report of the Week by email, forward your request to email@example.com
Firefighternearmiss.com is funded by a grant from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security's Assistance to Firefighters Grant program. Founding dollars were also provided by Fireman's Fund Insurance Company. The project is managed by the International Association of Fire Chiefs and supported by FireFighterCloseCalls.com in mutual dedication to firefighter safety and survival.
We’ve provided some direct links from the ROTW webpage here, but there is a lot more on the firefighternearmiss.com site.
FFNMR - Report of the Week Archives [Direct Link, HERE]
|1 2 3 4 5 6 7|
|File Title||File Size||File Description|
|990 KB||Cover and Spine Label to make your own ROTW Binder.|
|14.8 MB||Complete 2006 Report of the Week Library. ZIP File.|
|35 KB||FF becomes entangled in wires.|
|38 KB||Safety issues overlooked during emergency response.|
|36 KB||Sunshine fould driver's vision.|
|49 KB||Fighting fire in a vacant structure, concerns addressed.|
|35 KB||Aerial stabilizer narrowly misses firefighter.|
|35 KB||Re-opening a roadway requires coordination.|
|37 KB||Wildland/urban interface fire reveals personnel/equipment needs.|
|37 KB||Apparatus electrified during test by contractor.|
|35 KB||Driver falls asleep on EMS call.|
|38 KB||Roof collapse ignites bedroom injuring firefighter.|
|28 KB||Engine contacts downed powerline at accident scene.|
|38 KB||Structure fire in concealed ceiling causes collapse, nearly trapping interior crews.|
|34 KB||Tire blows following apparatus check.|
|35 KB||Safety glasses do their job during extrication.|
|1 2 3 4 5 6 7|
For some Program insights, check out the recent posting on CommandSafety.com: National Firefighter Near-Miss Reporting System; Untapped Resource or go Directly to the Firefighternearmiss.com site, HERE
These are some of the Site File Categories;
- 2011 Calendar/Annual Report
- 2011 Calendar Modules
- 2010 Calendar / 2009 Annual Report
- 2009 Near-Miss Calendar
- Annual Reports
- Crew Resource Management
- Equipment Information
- Featured Reports
- Illustrated Case Studies
- Investigation Reports
- Media Center
- Near-Miss Matters eNewsletter
- Near-Miss Trainers
- Report of the Week Archives
- Reports for Training
- Sample Policies & Training Tools
- State Training Resources
- Table Top Training Exercises
For a direct point of contact at the NFFNMRS;
Rynnel Gibbs, Program Coordinator
National Fire Fighter Near-Miss Reporting System
4025 Fair Ridge Drive Fairfax, VA 22033
P: 703-537-4858 F: 703-273-0920 firstname.lastname@example.org http://www.firefighternearmiss.com/