Thursday, March 10, 2011

Fire Risks Data 2007 Issued

The Federal Emergency Management Agency's (FEMA) U.S. Fire Administration (USFA) issued three special reports, as part of its Topical Fire Report Series, examining the risk of death or injury from fire by various demographics, such as age, race, and gender.
  • Fire Risk in 2007 , HERE
  • Fire Risk to Children in 2007 , HERE
  • Fire Risk to Older Adults in 2007 , HERE
The three reports were developed by the National Fire Data Center, part of USFA. The reports explore factors that influence risk and are based on data from the National Center for Health Statistics (NCHS), National Fire Incident Reporting System (NFIRS), and the U.S. Census Bureau.

These reports are an update of the previous fire risk reports issued in April 2008 (Volume 7, Issues 5, 6, and 7).
These short topical reports are designed to explore facets of the U.S. fire problem as depicted through data collected in NFIRS. Each topical report briefly addresses the nature of the specific fire or fire-related topic, highlights important findings from the data, and may suggest other resources to consider for further information.
Findings

  • Risk by age: Adults ages 50 and older have a greater risk of dying in fires than the general population. The elderly ages 85 and over have the highest risk of fire death. The risk of fire injury is greatest in the 20 to 54 age ranges. Adults ages 30 to 34 have the highest risk of fire injury.
  • Risk by gender: Men are 1.5 times more likely to die in fires than women.
  • Risk by race: African-Americans and American Indians/Alaska Natives are at much greater risk of death in a fire than the general population.
  • Risk by region: The risk of dying in a fire in the South is higher than other regions of the United States.
  • Risk by economic factor: Populations at the lowest income levels are at a greater risk of dying in fires than those with higher incomes.
Reflections
  • How do these findings have an influence of impact within your jurisdiction of department?
  • Are there risk factors that are either evident or suspected that require fire department intervention or follow-up?
  • What avenues or efforts do you think the Fire Department should undertake to reduce the civilian fatality rate in your community related to fire deaths?
  • Has your community “accepted” a higher level of risk and decreased level of service capabilities due to the challenging economic hardships, and if so, how has that been reflected in you fire loss and fatality and injury rates?
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