Wednesday, April 28, 2010

NIST Report on Residential Fireground Field Experiements

The much anticipated NIST Report on Residential Fireground Field Experiements was recently issued. The report is also available for download at the NIST, HERE or at, HERE

I provided some program insights into the study, its parameters, methodologies and scope on the (Here and HERE) A more comprehensive post addressing the Executive Summary of Findings is over on HERE

When you have an opportunity, I highly recommend reading through the report findings and summary conclusions. The cases made related to effectiveness of operations correlated to staffing levels and tactical assignments will provide a wealth of information that will form the basis for the developing tactical renaissance that is emerging within the fire service.

Here' the introduction to the summary in the report;
Both the increasing demands on the fire service – such as the growing number of Emergency Medical Services (EMS) responses, challenges from natural disasters, hazardous materials incidents, and acts of terrorism—and previous research point to the need for scientifically based studies of the effect of different crew sizes and firefighter arrival times on the effectiveness of the fire service to protect lives and property.

To meet this need, a research partnership of the Commission on Fire Accreditation International (CFAI), International Association of Fire Chiefs (IAFC), International Association of Firefighters (IAFF), National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), and Worcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) was formed to conduct a multiphase study of the deployment of resources as it affects firefighter and occupant safety. Starting in FY 2005, funding was provided through the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) / Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) Grant Program Directorate for Assistance to Firefighters Grant Program—Fire Prevention and Safety Grants. In addition to the low-hazard residential fireground experiments described in this report, the multiple phases of the overall research effort include development of a conceptual model for community risk assessment and deployment of resources, implementation of a general sizable department incident survey, and delivery of a software tool to quantify the effects of deployment decisions on resultant firefighter and civilian injuries and on property losses.

How do you think this report will impact or influence the fire service going forward?
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