Monday, January 12, 2009

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H5N1 Bird Flu Claims Young Adult In Beijing

H5N1 Avian Flu is simmering in parts of the World. The virus has not found it's way into North America yet. Should we be concerned?

With the expected role of first responders in mind it is important to stay up to date on this potential pandemic.

From Reuters we read of a young and otherwise healthy woman that died from the bird flu on Christmas Eve in Beijing.

"Hong Kong's Center for Health Protection said the woman had had contact with poultry before falling ill.

China's official Xinhua News Agency earlier reported that the woman from eastern Fujian province had bought nine ducks at a market in Hebei province, which surrounds Beijing, and then gutted the birds.

She gave three ducks to her father, uncle and a friend and kept the other six ducks, the agency reported.

It added that 116 people, including the patients 14 family members and neighbor and 102 medical workers, had been in close contact with the patient."

In other H5N1 news the January 4 edition of the L.A. Times reports;

"........the virus appears to be entrenched in Indonesia, parts of China, Vietnam, Egypt and other countries where backyard flocks are more difficult to regulate than commercial chicken farms, according to the United Nations' Food and Agriculture Organization.

Though bird flu viruses are common, highly pathological ones such as the 1918 virus and H5N1 -- which has been lethal to 100% of chickens infected and 63% of humans known to be infected -- are rare.

Scientists have little experience with which to gauge how H5N1 will evolve.

But, Webster said, "We still have to treat this as a potentially very, very dangerous virus."

In 2005 Hill & Associates issued a special report that discussed the pandemic potential as it relates to businesses with an International presence. The report singles out affected countries best prepared to deal with requisite quarantines, vaccination programs and an infrastructure capable of confronting a pandemic.

China, Pakistan, Thailand score low by H & A readiness standards. Japan, Australia and South Korea score higher and stand ready to confront a widespread outbreak. H & A did not address the readiness of the U.S. in their study.

The Times article points out that vaccination against H5N1 is tricky. Current vaccines for birds and humans are designed for many flu subtypes. Undisciplined or rampant vaccination programs as opposed to regionally administered programs invite the evolution of resistant strains. Effective vaccine administration requires coordination between countries. At the moment such coordination does not exist.

The FDA has approved a bird flu vaccine but the vaccine is not being mass produced and there appears to be no huge stores.

Government operated AvianFlu.gov is an excellent resource for anyone seeking information on H5N1.

First responders are encouraged to review the IAFF Pandemic Flu resource pages. The IAFF has been proactive in providing information on H5N1 from the start.

Very little of the vaccine is on hand should H5N1, Avian flu, Bird flu visit North America. The vaccine on hand would likely go to hospital and first responders. How fast could the vaccine manufacturer roll out product? Is there enough Vaccine on hand for first responder family members? How fast would anti-viral drugs like Tamiflu and Relenza disappear from pharmacies?

The case of this young lady in Beijing serves as a reminder the subject is still very much alive. Pandemic is an ugly word no one likes to talk about. As long as the potential for one exists the discussion must be kept alive.

*This post first appeared on Firefighter Blog on 1/6.

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3 comments:

  1. Interesting article and very worrying. We need to keep pandemic preparedness at the forefront of every business manager's mind. It won't go away so better start preparing.

    For free references, resources and to join their free eCourse certification program, go to Bird Flu Manual Online or, if you need more comprehensive tutorials, tools and templates, consider Bird Flu D-I-Y eManual for your influenza pandemic preparedness.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Interesting article and very worrying. We need to keep pandemic preparedness at the forefront of every business manager's mind. It won't go away so better start preparing.

    For free references, resources and to join their free eCourse certification program, go to Bird Flu Manual Online or, if you need more comprehensive tutorials, tools and templates, consider Bird Flu D-I-Y eManual for your influenza pandemic preparedness.

    ReplyDelete
  3. Wearing a mask is not recommended for routine use for preventing influenza exposure. In the United States, disposable surgical and procedure masks have been widely used in health-care settings to prevent exposure to respiratory infections, but the masks have not been used commonly in community settings, such as schools, businesses, and public gatherings.

    ReplyDelete

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